Watering the Phalaenopsis Orchid by put flower pot in deep water

How to Grow Orchids in Water?

Orchids, with their intricate blooms and exotic charm, have captured the hearts of plant enthusiasts worldwide. While growing orchids in pots is common, there’s a lesser-known and equally captivating method: growing orchids in water. This approach offers a unique way to appreciate these stunning plants while adding a touch of elegance to your space. In this beginner-friendly guide, we’ll walk you through the basics of growing orchids in water, allowing you to embark on a journey of orchid cultivation unlike any other.

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Choosing Suitable Orchids

Before you dive into the world of water-cultured orchids, it’s important to select the right orchid varieties for this method. Epiphytic orchids, like Phalaenopsis and Vanda orchids, are ideal candidates for growing in water. These orchids naturally cling to trees and rocks in their native habitats, making them well-suited to water-based cultivation. It’s crucial to choose orchids that are adapted to this unique growing approach to ensure successful growth and blooming.

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Selecting a Container

The container you choose plays a significant role in the well-being of your water-grown orchid. Opt for a transparent glass container with a wide opening. This design allows you to observe the orchid’s roots as they interact with the water. Additionally, a wide-mouthed container offers ample space for the orchid’s roots to spread comfortably, contributing to healthy growth.

When choosing a container, make sure it’s deep enough to accommodate the orchid’s root system while allowing the plant’s leaves and stems to rest above the waterline. The transparency of the glass container adds a touch of elegance, allowing you to witness the fascinating interaction between the orchid’s roots and the water.

With the right orchid variety and an appropriate container, you’ll be ready to embark on your water-growing orchid journey. The choice of orchid and container sets the stage for a beautiful and captivating display of nature’s artistry in your own living space.

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Preparing the Water

Creating the perfect aquatic environment is essential for your water-grown orchid’s success. Start by using distilled or rainwater, as tap water might contain minerals that can accumulate and harm the orchid over time. Fill your chosen glass container with water, leaving a few inches of space between the water level and the container’s rim. This space prevents water from splashing out when you place the orchid in the container.

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Allow the water to sit for a day or two to reach room temperature and stabilize. Orchids prefer water that’s neither too cold nor too warm. Preparing the water beforehand ensures that your orchid won’t experience temperature shock when introduced to its new aquatic home.

Placing the Orchid

Gently remove the orchid from its pot and gently rinse the roots to remove any soil or potting mix. The goal is to have clean, exposed roots ready for their water adventure. Position the orchid in the glass container, ensuring that the roots are fully submerged in the water. Some orchid enthusiasts use decorative stones or marbles to help anchor the orchid in place and prevent it from floating.

As you place the orchid in the water, position it so that the leaves and stems rest above the waterline. This prevents them from becoming waterlogged, which can lead to rot. With the orchid positioned properly, you’ve set the stage for its graceful growth in its watery habitat.

Providing Light

Orchids in water still need light to thrive, and proper lighting is crucial for their success. Place your glass container in a location that receives bright, indirect sunlight. A windowsill with filtered sunlight is an excellent choice. If natural light is limited, consider using artificial grow lights designed for plants. These lights mimic the spectrum of sunlight and provide the energy your orchid needs for photosynthesis.

Avoid placing your orchid container in direct sunlight, as this can lead to overheating and damage to the leaves and roots. Striking a balance between light and shade creates an optimal environment for your water-cultured orchid to grow and flourish.

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Preparing the water, positioning the orchid, and providing suitable light are pivotal steps in creating a favorable environment for your orchid’s aquatic journey. With these foundational aspects in place, you’re well on your way to nurturing a captivating display of orchid beauty in your own home.

Monitoring and Care

As your water-grown orchid settles into its new environment, regular monitoring and care are essential to ensure its well-being. Keep an eye on the water level in the container, and maintain it at the same level you initially set. If the water level decreases due to evaporation, top it up with room-temperature distilled or rainwater.

Inspect the orchid’s roots periodically to ensure they remain healthy and free from any signs of rot. If you notice any rotting or damaged roots, gently remove them using clean, sterilized scissors or pruning shears. Maintaining a clean and healthy root system is key to your orchid’s success.

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Fertilizing is a vital aspect of caring for water-grown orchids. Since the orchid’s roots are directly in the water, they need a source of nutrients to thrive. Use a diluted, balanced orchid fertilizer and add it to the water according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Fertilize your orchid every 4-6 weeks during its active growing season. This provides the necessary nutrients for healthy foliage and potential blooming.

Encouraging Blooms

While water-grown orchids can produce lush foliage, encouraging them to bloom requires a bit of extra effort. When your orchid is ready to bloom, you might need to temporarily transition it back to traditional pot culture. This involves carefully removing the orchid from the water, rinsing its roots, and placing it in a pot with a suitable orchid potting mix.

Once the orchid has bloomed, you can return it to its water-growing environment to maintain its unique appeal. Remember that while water culture showcases your orchid’s foliage beautifully, the transition to traditional pot culture is a method to stimulate flowering.

Caring for water-grown orchids requires attentive monitoring, proper fertilization, and occasional transitions for blooming. With patience and care, you’ll have the opportunity to witness the delicate blooms of these remarkable plants, turning your space into a haven of natural beauty.


As your water-grown orchid thrives and matures, there might come a time when it outgrows its current container. When this happens, it’s time for a transplant. Gently remove the orchid from its water-filled container and rinse the roots thoroughly. Prepare a new, larger glass container with fresh distilled or rainwater.

Carefully position the orchid in its new container, ensuring the roots are fully submerged in the water and the leaves and stems rest above the waterline. The larger container allows the orchid’s root system to spread out comfortably, supporting continued healthy growth.


Growing orchids in water is a captivating and innovative way to appreciate these remarkable plants. With the right choice of orchids, a suitable container, proper care, and a touch of patience, you can create a stunning display of nature’s artistry right in your own living space.

Through each step of the process, from selecting suitable orchids to monitoring their growth and providing essential care, you’ll discover the joys of nurturing these exquisite plants. Whether you’re a seasoned orchid enthusiast or a beginner eager to explore a unique growing method, cultivating water-grown orchids offers a rewarding experience that adds a touch of elegance and beauty to your surroundings.

As you embark on this orchid-growing journey, remember that each plant has its own pace and rhythm. With attentive care and a bit of experimentation, you’ll have the privilege of witnessing the splendor of orchids thriving in water—a testament to the wonders of nature and your dedication as a gardener.

About the author

Victoria Nelson

Victoria Nelson is a passionate gardener with over a decade of experience in horticulture and sustainable gardening practices. With a degree in Horticulture, she has a deep understanding of plants, garden design, and eco-friendly gardening techniques. Victoria aims to inspire and educate gardeners of all skill levels through her engaging articles, offering practical advice drawn from her own experiences. She believes in creating beautiful, biodiverse gardens that support local wildlife. When not writing or gardening, Victoria enjoys exploring new gardens and connecting with the gardening community. Her enthusiasm for gardening is infectious, making her a cherished source of knowledge and inspiration.

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