Egg-yolk Fieldcap Mushroom Growing on Cow Dung

Do Mushrooms Grow in Poop?

Mushrooms, a fascinating and diverse group within the fungi kingdom, have intrigued people for centuries, not only for their culinary and medicinal properties but also for their unique growing habits. A common question surrounding these organisms is their relationship with manure, commonly referred to as “poop.” This article aims to explore this relationship, shedding light on how mushrooms interact with and grow in manure.

Mushrooms and Their Growth Requirements

Mushrooms are the fruiting bodies of certain fungi, emerging from an extensive underground network known as mycelium. They thrive in environments rich in organic matter, which provides the necessary nutrients for their growth. These nutrients include a complex mix of carbon, nitrogen, and other elements, often found abundantly in manure. The ideal conditions for mushroom growth also involve adequate moisture, temperature, and air exchange.

The Role of Manure in Mushroom Cultivation

The use of manure in mushroom cultivation has a long history, with its nutrient-rich composition proving beneficial for various mushroom species. Manure, particularly from herbivores like horses and cows, is commonly used in mushroom farming. It provides a balanced mix of organic materials that decompose and create an ideal substrate for mushroom growth. The type of manure and its treatment (such as composting) are crucial factors in successful mushroom cultivation.

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How Mushrooms Utilize Nutrients in Manure

Mushrooms are adept at breaking down complex organic materials, a process central to their growth in manure. The mycelium, a network of thread-like structures, secretes enzymes that decompose organic matter, releasing nutrients. In manure, this process is particularly efficient due to the rich blend of decomposed plant material, providing a balanced diet of carbon, nitrogen, and other essential nutrients for the mushrooms.

The Symbiotic Relationship Between Mushrooms and Manure

The relationship between mushrooms and manure is symbiotic. As the mushrooms break down the organic matter in the manure, they contribute to the nutrient cycle, enriching the soil. This process not only benefits the mushrooms but also enhances the soil quality, making it more fertile for other plants. This symbiosis showcases the integral role of fungi in ecological systems, particularly in nutrient recycling.

Different Types of Mushrooms and Their Affinity for Manure

Not all mushrooms grow in manure, but several species thrive in this environment. Common examples include Agaricus bisporus (the button mushroom) and Agaricus brunnescens (the Portobello mushroom), both of which are widely cultivated in manure-based substrates. The affinity for manure varies among different mushroom species, with some preferring wood or other organic substrates.

Health and Safety Considerations

When it comes to consuming mushrooms grown in manure, health and safety are primary concerns. Proper composting of manure is essential to eliminate harmful pathogens and create a safe growing environment for mushrooms. It’s important to note that mushrooms absorb nutrients, not contaminants, from their growing medium. When grown, handled, and cooked properly, mushrooms from manure-based substrates are safe to eat and do not retain any harmful residues from the manure.

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Guidelines for Safe Mushroom Cultivation and Harvesting

For those interested in cultivating mushrooms using manure, it’s crucial to follow certain guidelines. Composting manure thoroughly before use reduces health risks. Additionally, ensuring that the growing and harvesting areas are clean and well-maintained minimizes the chance of contamination. Washing mushrooms thoroughly before cooking is also a recommended practice.

Alternatives to Manure in Mushroom Cultivation

While manure is a popular substrate for mushroom cultivation, there are alternatives. Materials such as straw, sawdust, and composted wood chips are also used, depending on the mushroom species. These substrates can be supplemented with organic materials like coffee grounds or wheat bran to enhance nutrient content. The choice of substrate often depends on the specific requirements of the mushroom species being cultivated and the resources available to the grower.


Mushrooms have a unique ability to grow in nutrient-rich substrates, including manure. This relationship plays a significant role in nutrient cycling and soil health. While certain mushroom species thrive in manure, it’s crucial to handle and process it correctly to ensure safety. Alternatives to manure offer additional options for mushroom cultivation, catering to different species and grower preferences. Understanding these dynamics highlights the fascinating world of mushrooms and their integral role in ecological systems, whether in natural settings or cultivated environments.

About the author

Victoria Nelson

Victoria Nelson is a passionate gardener with over a decade of experience in horticulture and sustainable gardening practices. With a degree in Horticulture, she has a deep understanding of plants, garden design, and eco-friendly gardening techniques. Victoria aims to inspire and educate gardeners of all skill levels through her engaging articles, offering practical advice drawn from her own experiences. She believes in creating beautiful, biodiverse gardens that support local wildlife. When not writing or gardening, Victoria enjoys exploring new gardens and connecting with the gardening community. Her enthusiasm for gardening is infectious, making her a cherished source of knowledge and inspiration.

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